Similar to what a yearly visit to the dentist does for your dental health, an annual visit to an Indianapolis ophthalmologist like Dr. Penn Moody of Moody Eyes can be key to ensuring your eyes will always be in top form. The reason for this is that there are a lot of eye diseases that do not show their symptoms until permanent damage has been done. Some examples of conditions that can sneak up on you are cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration. Eye examinations can help identify these diseases as a thorough check of your eyesight and your eyes can be carried out, giving eye doctors a chance to intervene early.
For eye examinations to be effective, you’ll have to go through all the vital steps of the process. The first step that an eye doctor in Indianapolis would take is to ask you about your general medical history. This involves what conditions you currently have and your medication history. This is important because there are several diseases that affect your eye’s health like diabetes or thyroid disorders. Once a doctor knows about these conditions, they can check to see if your eyesight has suffered as a consequence. Secondly, a doctor will ask if there are any troubling symptoms affecting your eyes or vision. Knowing these will point the doctor in the right direction during your eye exam.
The third step is the one that with which everyone is familiar: the vision exam. You sit in the exam chair and are asked to identify letters or numerical figures. This is the way eye doctors determine how good your baseline vision is for future comparisons. They may also place lenses of varying powers over your eyes to see what modifications to your current glasses or contacts are needed to give you better vision. Afterwards, the doctor will check the pressure inside your eyes. The most common way this is done is by placing a numbing agent applied to your eyes via eye drops. Then the doctor will have you stare into a blue light while a tonometer is lightly applied to your eyes to measure the fluid pressure within. If this pressure is too high, it’s a sure sign of glaucoma, wherein excessive pressure in your eyes can damage your optic nerve and result in vision problems.
The fifth part of an eye examination checks a person’s visual field. This assesses your peripheral vision so that you can detect dangers coming from an angle. The final step is a retinal examination, which tests the dilation of your pupils. Your pupils protect your retinas and if they are not functioning properly, your eyes may become susceptible to damage due to external factors.
(Source: Eye Care: Early detection best way to protect vision, News-press.com)