It can be terrifying how vulnerable your eyes can be. There are many eye conditions that threaten how effective your eyesight is. Among these is glaucoma; studies show that around half of the people with glaucoma don’t know that they are suffering from it. This is where experienced Indianapolis eye doctors come in, as they can help detect glaucoma before it becomes untreatable.

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To understand how eye doctors around Indianapolis like Dr. Moody of Moody Eyes would be able to help, you’ll have to learn about how glaucoma affects your eyes. The condition damages the optic nerve via placing increasing pressure on it. This pressure comes from the liquid in your eyes (the aqueous humor) having difficulty leaving the area; the more the fluid builds up, the heavier the pressure is on your optic nerve.

The most common type of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, is often a hereditary condition, which means it runs in families and often shows up later in life. However, glaucoma can also be caused by external factors; injuries to the eye, infections, and blood vessel blockages, to name just a few, can also lead to glaucoma.

If you’re over 40 and have a family history of glaucoma, it would be best to undergo a battery of tests every two years. There are several examinations that an eye doctor can perform to detect if you’re suffering from glaucoma. The simplest is the quick and painless application of a tonometer, wherein numbing drops are placed on your eyes so that you don’t blink so much; afterwards, the tonometer is placed near your cornea to check your intraocular pressure. There are other tests like the visual field test and an ophthalmoscopy, which can detect how much damage the glaucoma has done to your eyes. Knowing how advanced your condition is helps choose the most effective treatment option.

There are several interventions available for glaucoma sufferers. The easiest one is the regular application of eye drops that either reduce the fluid formation in your eyes or help the aqueous humors leave the area. More permanent solutions include surgery—either via conventional means or through laser treatments—that would increase outflow by creating additional channels to help relieve the pressure on the eyes.

Left untreated, glaucoma can lead to eyesight degeneration and even blindness. Catch it early with the help of your local doctor and get the optimum treatment.

(Source: Is there more to see in your family tree? Find out if glaucoma runs in your family, New Pittsburgh Courier, January 23, 2015)