Eyes are among the most important parts of your body, but they also happen to be among the most fragile. This is why it is essential that you consult with an Indianapolis eye care specialist like Dr. Penn Moody of Moody Eyes regularly to keep yourself updated on the condition of your eyes.Proper Indianapolis Eye Care Requires Eye Exams—Know What to Expect

The best way to head off any problems with your eyes is to detect them early. This is why a regular eye exam in Indianapolis with a skilled eye doctor is a good idea. Experts recommend that individuals aged 18 to 60 get an eye exam  at least every two years if they are not suffering from any vision difficulties. For those with eye problems, appointments should be more frequent.

Comprehensive eye exams are effective because of their thoroughness. The first thing that is done during a routine appointment is the eye doctor asking about your general medical history. The questions will often involve what diseases you are currently suffering from and what medications you are taking. This can be important because conditions like diabetes and thyroid disease can affect your vision. For example, diabetes can lead to glaucoma. The next set of questions that eye doctors usually ask is about whether you are suffering from problems like headaches and blurred vision.

After the questions, the core of the exam begins. This is a battery of tests designed to detect any potential problem ranging from nearsightedness to glaucoma. A vision test will determine how clear your vision is and whether you need any corrective lenses; this is performed with the familiar vision chart and a series of lenses.

After the vision part of the exam, the eye doctor will then check the fluid pressure in your eyes. High fluid pressure can put stress on your optic nerves, reducing the quality of your vision and even leading to glaucoma. The most common way to perform this check is by having numbing agents applied to your eye, after which a tonometer is placed at your eyes to determine the current pressure.

Additional tests are also performed. These evaluate the condition of a subject’s retinas, the reliability of their peripheral vision, the presence of any color blindness indicators, and other tests to fully gauge the state of your eyes. Once everything is completed, your eye doctor can accurately diagnose the state of your eyes and what you need to do to keep them healthy.

(Source: How Often Should You Have an Eye Exam?, LiveStrong.com)