Glaucoma Awareness Month is January. This disease affects millions of people in the United States. It is called the “sneak thief of sight” because there are few symptoms until there is significant vision loss. National Glaucoma Awareness Month reminds us to get an eye exam to check for this potentially blinding eye disease.
Glaucoma Damages the Optic Nerve
High pressure in your eye can cause damage to your optic nerve. About a million fibers make up the optic nerve. These will gradually be destroyed causing you to lose your sight. Because you may not have pain, redness, or other symptoms you may not be aware you have glaucoma until you start to lose your sight. The only way to know for sure is to visit your Indianapolis eye doctor every year.
Types of Glaucoma
Glaucoma presents in a number of different ways. There is no underlying cause to primary glaucoma. Examples are Primary Open Angle Glaucoma and Closed Angle Glaucoma. Secondary glaucoma develops when there is another health condition leads to glaucoma. People with diabetes, ocular trauma, hypertension, and inflammatory disease are more likely to develop vision loss.
Is there treatment for glaucoma?
Eye doctors in Indianapolis treat glaucoma with eye drops and surgery. All treatments attempt to lower the pressure in your eyes to try to prevent damage. Exciting new treatments for glaucoma are being developed to help prevent patients from losing vision.
How can I find out if I have glaucoma?
The only way to be sure is to have an eye exam by your eye doctor in Indianapolis. We always check our patients for glaucoma, including measuring the intraocular pressure and looking closely for damage to the optic nerve. There are additional tests that should be performed if you are determined to be at risk for glaucoma. Your eye doctor will discuss these and make recommendations based on your particular situation.
January is National Glaucoma Awareness Month
It is a good idea to have your eyes examined every year. This is especially true if you are over 40. You can schedule an appointment at one of our 3 Indianapolis offices by calling our office at 317-883-1122 or online by clicking here.