Most Indianapolis locals know that sitting too close to the TV to watch the Indy 500 is harmful to their vision. However, there are some far worse habits that can also ruin their eyesight. The Good Housekeeping staff rounds up a list, and below are a few that some Indianapolis locals may not be aware of:

Ruining Your Eyes.

“6. Using old makeup — and sleeping in it
To avoid exposure to infection-causing bacteria, toss cosmetics after three months, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology. And always, always remove your makeup before bed.

7. Not wearing goggles
Don’t just save your goggles for swimming. If you’re mowing the lawn, using a weed whacker, or doing home repairs, put some on to protect yourself from any flying debris, which can cause abrasions in the cornea. Make sure anyone nearby, especially children, also have protective eyewear on.

8. Smoking
You shouldn’t be smoking for a lot of reasons, but here’s another one: It increases the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration (the progressive deterioration of part of the retina).”

Locals who are guilty of bad habits detrimental to their vision will need a comprehensive Indianapolis eye exam performed by skilled optometrists like the ones from Moody Eyes. With this exam, locals will know the extent of their eye problems and possible treatment options for them. Below are what those with failing eyesight can expect out of vision exams:

Visual acuity test

Out of the eye tests, this one is probably the most well-known although most probably refer to it as the eye chart test. People will be asked to sit down in a chair at least 20 feet away from the eye chart. The test is performed on each eye one at a time.

Refraction test

This test is necessary to determine the proper lens power that patients need to make up for refractive errors due to nearsightedness, farsightedness, and other conditions. To do this, the eye doctor will shine a light into the patients’ eyes and flip a series of lenses in a machine known as the phoropter.

Tonometry

Tonometry measures the pressure by the fluid inside the eye that helps maintain the eye shape. This test is primarily done to assess patients’ risk for glaucoma. To get the measurement, an eye doctor applies eye drops to the patients and places a handheld device close to the eyes.

Complete vision examinations allow eye doctors to determine the extent of damage patients have inflicted upon their eyesight due to bad habits. Following these exams, Indianapolis eye care professionals can advise patients on management options like prescription glasses or contact lenses.

(Source: 10 Ways You’re Ruining Your Eyes, Shine.yahoo.com, February 14, 2014)