The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that roughly 20.5 million Americans 40 years of age and older have developed a cataract in either one or both of their eyes. This number is representative of about 17.2 percent of the entire American population.

Cataracts are a protein buildup that occurs in the tissue of the lens of the eye, clouding a person’s vision. Many people who have experienced it claim that the experience is similar to looking through frosted glass or a foggy window. Apart from blurred vision, common symptoms of cataracts include increasing light sensitivity, seeing “halos” around light sources, a dulling of colors, and experiencing double vision in the affected eye.

Cataracts and Your Eyes

In most cases, cataracts develop very slowly and are hardly noticeable. Unfortunately, these traits may allow the cataract to go undetected for years; by the time it is noticed, the only treatment option remaining is cataract surgery. In some cases, cataracts can lead to the development of glaucoma. This is why early detection is so important.

According to eye care experts, adults age 18 to 60 should undergo a comprehensive Indianapolis eye exam at least once every two years. Senior citizens and those over 45 should have their eyes examined on a yearly basis. Regular eye checkups should aid in detecting cataracts early.

Of course, there are a number of people who have a higher risk of developing cataracts earlier in life. These people include those who have a family of history of eye diseases, diabetics, people suffering from hypertension, and ones who have sustained a previous eye injury. People who have an increased risk of cataracts should drop by a trusted Indianapolis eye care center like Moody Eyes for annual eye exams.

Once initial cataracts are treated, follow the instructions of your doctor exactly. You should also make necessary lifestyle adjustments. In particular, a diet rich in beta-carotene and Vitamins C and E is particularly helpful. This would also be the perfect time to quit smoking and drinking alcohol. Lastly, shield your eyes from UV rays by using polarized or anti-UV ray sunglasses, especially if you are outdoors between 10AM to 4PM.

(Source: Cataracts and Your Eyes; WebMD)